A cinder block house has a number of advantages. Its construction does not require the involvement of qualified builders, there is no need to build a heavy and massive foundation. The house will be erected in a short time, and its reliability is comparable to the capital structure. But, it is necessary to ensure that the material does not get wet, then the house will delight you with reliability for a long time.
If you decide to build a house from slag blocks with your own hands, the construction price in this case will be only ten thousand rubles per square meter.
To meet the shortest possible time, you need to follow the step -by -step instructions for its construction.
Any construction begins with the construction of the foundation. So that the cinder blocks do not get wet, its height should be from seventy centimeters. The foundation without damage and cracks will protect the walls. Install the formwork with a reinforcing frame on a pillow of gravel and sand with a thickness of 50 centimeters or more. Pour the foundation with a concrete mixture, which is best to buy ready -made.
Complete curing of concrete will occur in a month, but after seven days, you can lay the plinth. The height of the plinth must be at least five to six rows. Cover the bottom and top of the plinth with a layer of waterproofing.
After thirty days, start laying the walls. When laying cinder blocks, use a cement mortar in which a plasticizer is added. The additive will keep the solution for a long time, the batches will be two to three times less.
Before the onset of the autumn season, it is necessary to build a roof, lay an external vapor barrier and insulate the structure with mineral wool. If you don’t, getting the walls wet will degrade the quality of the cinder blocks. And this means that the house will become damp and cold.
Subject to all construction processes, the house will serve you for decades, delighting you with comfort, coziness and warmth. Before putting the house into operation, it is necessary to conduct a technical examination, the institution of the All-Russian Research Institute of Reinforced Concrete conducts a survey of buildings and structures in Moscow.
We build the roof of the house with our own hands
Before you start building a roof yourself, you should know what design features and shapes it can have.
Single -to -shuttle roofs are most often made on outbuildings and garages, they do not have a rafter system and attic room.
Gable roof are two rectangles that are connected by the upper faces.
Four -sided roof the most popular option. It looks like four triangles connected at one point.
The hip roof can be four or gable. It consists of a set of triangles and slopes. This type provides for the attic device.
Forceps or multifaceted roof the most difficult option for independent construction. It has complex compounds and constructive additions.
When installing the roof, also take into account the weight of the roofing, for optimal design of the rafter system.
So, build a roof of the house with our own hands.
For rafters, select coniferous wood without blue and knots.
Also purchase vapor barrier material, waterproofing film, insulation and elements for fasteners.
Use timber or boards as rafters. Depending on the type of roof, the rafters can be hanging or layered.
The rafter system is attached to each other by cutting, tie-in, using metal corners, nails and self-tapping screws.
Lay waterproofing and, if necessary, insulate the roof.
After the rafters are installed, fill the crate, with gaps or solid.
The final stage of the roof device – roofing work.
The most reliable and affordable option for slate roofing. Easy to install metal tile. The material has good performance, but low sound absorption property. The choice of roofing material is great, it all depends on your preferences and capabilities.
When the roof is erected, proceed to the device of the drainage system.